The origin of Christmas in Upper Mazaruni

Tag: 阿拉后花园上海

first_imgBy Ashraf DabieEven though the celebration of Christmas has its origin set on religious beliefs, Guyanese have over the years managed to transform this festive occasion into yet another aspect of the diverse local culture. As such, the season is no longer limited to any specific group but has become perhaps the most highly anticipated time of the year, with an entire calendar of activities billed for the celebrations extending throughout the length and breadth of Guyana.However, for villages in the Upper Mazaruni, Region Seven (Cuyuni-Mazaruni), it was with the spreading of Adventism, a phenomenon that took place sometime inChief Aukathe 1900s, that the tribes of this region began to formulate their own little customs and traditions, as they too observe the birth of Jesus Christ.This is all detailed in a story told throughout the district that chronicles the transition which saw the Indigenous communities leaving behind their ancestral beliefs to take on the Christian way of life.It all started in the village of Kako, when the then leader, Chief Auka, was ambushed by a premonition which hinted at the arrival of a stranger to their well protected land.According to the legend, Auka who was known as a ruthless leader with many wives, while lost in his subconscious, was greeted by a “White man carrying a black book.” This stranger, bold enough to defy the defensive nature of the people, ventured into their home with a mission to change the way in which they lived.However, strange enough, Auka somehow felt it best to welcome this mysterious man into their village after realising he meant no harm.The next day, the village Chief was eager to inform his people of this dream, only that it was not a dream but more so a vision; a glimpse of the future.Auka thereby alerted his villagers of the impending arrival of this stranger carrying a black book, while laying out specific instructions to inflict no harm but to take the man directly to him instead. And so said so done, the man did come.This stranger quickly became well-known across in the Upper Mazaruni as OEMissionary OE DavisDavis, a missionary, who brought with him material possessions of more civilised societies, such as clothing but most importantly, the word of God. Davis, through his journeys within the region, took the Adventist faith (a denomination of Christianity) into various Indigenous communities, teaching the people through simply practices such as covering their bodies with clothing, what to eat and drink and to honour monogamy.Adding to that, the missionary also shared Christian religious practices with the first peoples, one of which was the observation of the birth of Christ, commonly known as Christmas.Over the decades, the customs and traditions became more and more entrenched in the culture of these communities and even evolved to take on aspects of the modern society.This evolution is evident is Parima, one of the villages visited by Davis during his crusades all those years ago. This Adventist community in the depths of the Mazaruni River, is home to the only remaining families of the Arecuna tribe.Every Christmas, the families gather at the centre of the community, at the village’s dining hall, to share a wide array of specially prepared Indigenous cuisine, which for them is the true spirit of the season.The gathering over a hefty meal, with a selection of festive dishes, is what sets the occasion aside when compared to others. Given that food takes the forefront of the celebration, the tuma pot (the original pepper pot) is a must have on the ChristmasA typical Christmas table in Upper Mazarunitable.However, what makes Christmas tuma special is that meats such as deer or the black curassow (or powis), which makes for a much-desired festive treat, are substituted for fish or other common sources of protein at this time of the year.This is paired with what is known as “kata” which is simply small fishes boiled in cassava juice until it reaches a thick consistency. Of course, other delicacies such as the cassava bread and specially brewed Indigenous beverages are must havesThe famous tuma potat this time as well.In Parima, while the extravagance of the celebrations synonymous to Christmas in the city may not exist, some of the well-known traditions were maintained, whereas others were eventually adopted.In the Chambers family, for example, the hanging of fairy lights and adorning their home with festive decorations has become a tradition which was generally uncommon in the region. In recent years also, they also adopted the custom of Christmas gift exchange within their household.Even with that, Christmas in Indigenous communities is generally a simple occasion, much like the lives they lead. However, the communities mostly look forward to the time spent in communion, through the sharing of food at the gathering of fun and laughter.In this way, the Indigenous communities stand out as examples to others throughout the country and even around the world who seem to have lost the essence of the season in their quested for extravagance.However, putting that aside, the people of the Upper Mazaruni continues to maintain the true nature of the holiday through embracing the wonders of sharing and togetherness.last_img read more


Tag: 阿拉后花园上海

first_img160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Bob Neufeld, general manager of the community services district, said sand is getting into the bottom of the well, limiting its production. Neufeld said levels of other water wells in the Antelope Valley are decreasing as well, noting a pending court case involving local water purveyors, farmers and other parties over water rights. The district will continue to use well water to irrigate school grounds, Van Norman said. In the Southern Kern district, four of the six schools rely on wells for water: Rosamond High, Hamilton Elementary, Rosamond Elementary and Tropico Middle School. karen.maeshiro@dailynews.com (661) 267-5744 ROSAMOND – The Southern Kern Unified School District will pay up to $250,000 for a water connection to the local water district because the well that serves Rosamond High School and Hamilton Elementary is running dry. District officials said the water table of the well has gone down considerably, although no figures were available. “We were afraid it would not be sufficient to supply the high school and Hamilton, which are on the same campus,” Superintendent Rod Van Norman said. “Water is still coming out but not to the capacity that we would want. The well people said we would have to drill down deeper in order to get the same capacity.” The board in March approved a water hookup to the Rosamond Community Services District at a cost not to exceed $250,000. last_img read more


Tag: 阿拉后花园上海

first_imgThis feature is dedicated to some very special people I met last weekend. Their collective name is Little Mascots, their individual stories, so very different.BY JOANNE SWEENEY-BURKE Meanwhile in the competitor arena 11 men weighing in at 14-stone each stood side by side with their countries flags flapping in the wind.Each fighting to lift the title of Europe’s Strongest Man Under 90kg.Erin Harrold from Ballybofey had prepared posters to support her finalist Wallace Clarke, while Thomas White brought presents for his little mascot Christian McCullagh and that evening proudly showed his photos with Christian and his parents.The sight of Europe’s Strongest Men with some of Europe’s strongest kids, albeit at different levels of strength, was a sight to behold. “I can’t explain the impact the Little Mascots had on our Strongmen,” said Dave Warner, co-organiser of the event. “These giants of strength were brought to tears meeting and getting to know their little Mascots.”A few special mentions are warranted in this blog post and everyone will understand why I take this risk.Erin Gallagher has battled her way back from Leukaemia but stood tall in stature alongside her finalist and Ireland’s Strongest Man Gavin Redmond.Erin Harrold just doesn’t stop smiling despite living with Spina Bifida and confined to a wheelchair. A proud supporter of Wallace Clarke, Erin watchd the entire event from the sidelines.Little Eoin McGinley shys away from the limelight, but his story is one of huge bravery after arriving in the world at just 26 weeks old and losing his twin brother Caolan. However, he made quite an impact on his finalist Shay Ryan from Co. Wexford and who holds the title of Ireland’s Strongest Man Under 90kg.Christian McCullagh has battled and has a battle ahead with a kidney transplant looming in October. His donor is his Dad. Four-year old Sarah McFeely has Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy and was the leader in the pack as she led Head Referee and former World Strongman Darren Saddler onto the field of play. Delighted with the atmosphere and absorbing the occasion Sarah is a little fighter.14-year old Ruaidhri McConigley from Downings was presented with an official athlete’s t-shirt by Dave Warner, co-organiser. His strength of character in his fight against Scoliosis or severe curvature or spine since he was two, inspire his parents and those around him.Little Livvy with her sparkle and charm arrived ready for her role. The six-year old from Ramelton has Dyspraxia but according to her Dad enjoys most things despite not having the dexterity, balance, coordination and concentration of her peers.And not forgetting Kyle Gallagher, Cody Laverty, Gavin Friel, Jake Coleman and Erika Higgins who completed our fantastic Little Mascots. You wore the title so well and we look forward to watching you on the TV! No words can describe the sight of the Litter Figthers with the Strongmen – and for Europe’s Strongest Men they were overwhelmed exposing there softer side.To the mum’s and dad’s of all the Little Mascots you too inspire us.THE BRAVEST LITTLE STRONG PEOPLE IN ALL OF DONEGAL – A TRIBUTE was last modified: September 17th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more